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Treating and preventing diabetes

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What is type 2 diabetes?

Having type 2 diabetes means your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels. Diabetes can lead to serious conditions such as heart disease, blindness and kidney disease.

Common symptoms of diabetes1

  • Frequent urination
  • Increased thirst
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal
  • Feeling hungry — even though you’re eating enough
  • Tingling, pain or numbness in your hands or feet

The right direction

Here are some things you can do to manage type 2 diabetes or stop it before it starts.

Maintain your weight

Make sure you’re at a healthy weight for your height and age. If you’re unsure, check with your doctor.

Watch what you eat

Include more fruits, veggies and whole grains into your diet. Reduce processed meats and foods with added sugar.

Exercise regularly

Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day. Walk, run, dance or lift weights — it all works.

Don’t smoke

If you already smoke, try to quit. Smoking can contribute to developing type 2 diabetes.

Manage your stress

Stress can trigger unhealthy behaviors such as overeating, smoking and not sleeping enough.

Check in with your doctor regularly and be sure to get any recommended screenings.

Download a PDF of this article here.

American Diabetes Association. Diabetes symptoms. Available at: Accessed September 28, 2020.
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The information provided by Aetna® health and wellness programs is general in nature. It is not meant to replace the advice or care you get from your doctor or other health professional. If you have specific health care needs or would like more complete health information, please see your doctor or other health care provider. Refer to for more information about Aetna plans.  

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