The proactive way to stay healthy
Make time to visit your doctor once a year, even if you feel fine. Share your health history. Ask questions. And bring this handy guide to recommended screenings and their frequency.
Both Men and Women:
- Body mass index. Height/weight ration indicates overall health. Normal = 18.5-24.9. Yearly, from age 18.
- Blood pressure test. Exam using arm cuff. Indicates heart health. Ideal = 120/80. Yearly, from age 18.
- STD screening. Blood test or cell swab. Yearly, depending on sexual activity.
- Blood sugar test. Screens for Type II diabetes. Regularly, from age 45.
- Colonoscopy. Imaging of the colon via scope. Detects cancer. Every 10 years, from age 45.*
They’re not just for kids. Your doctor may recommend other shots depending on your risk factors.
- Flu: Yearly, from age 18.
- TDaP: Combined protection against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough). At least once as an adult.
- Shingles: 1 or 2 shots, starting as young as age 50.
- Pneumonia: 2 shots given 1 year apart. Age 65+, or younger if you’re at risk.
- Testicular exam. Checks for changes in appearance and feel. Screens for cancer. Yearly, from age 18.
- Cholesterol test. Blood test. Indicates heart heath. Regularly, from age 35.*
- Abdominal Ultrasound. Detects abnormalities in the aorta, the main blood vessel in your midsection. Once, 65-75.
- Pap smear. Microscopic cell exam screens for cervical cancer. Every 3 years, from age 21.
- Mammogram. Breast X-ray to detect abnormal lumps. Every 1 or 2 years, as early as age 40.*
- Cholesterol test. Blood test. Indicates heart health. Regularly, from age 45.*
- Bone density scan. Enhanced x-ray. Detects osteoporosis. Regularly, from age 65.*
*If you have diabetes, smoke, have a family history of the illness or other risk factors, your doctor may recommend earlier screening.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019.
Copyright Aetna 2019