Aetna Reports Second Quarter 2003 Results

HARTFORD, CT,July 30, 2003 — Aetna (NYSE: ΑET) today announced second-quarter operating earnings of $203.9 million, or $1.28 per share, compared with operating earnings of $91.3 million, or $0.59 per share, in the second quarter of 2002. Operating earnings exclude net realized capital gains and other items.1 Aetna's net income for the second quarter of 2003 was $0.87 per share, compared with net income of $0.70 per share in the second quarter of 2002.

Quarterly Financial Results at a Glance

Three Months Ended
June 30
June 30
March 31
Total Revenues
$4.5 billion
$5.1 billion
$4.5 billion

Operating earnings1
$203.9 million* $91.3 million** $315.9 million***
Per share operating earnings1 $1.28* $0.59** $2.03***
Net income $138.4 million* $108.2 million** $330.0 million***
Per share net income $0.87* $0.70** $2.12***
*  Includes approximately $2 million, after tax, or $0.01 per share, of net favorable development of prior-period medical cost estimates.
**  Includes approximately $42 million, after tax, or $0.27 per share, of favorable development of prior-period medical cost estimates.
***  Includes approximately $107 million, after tax, or $0.69 per share, of favorable development of prior-period medical cost estimates.

"I am very pleased to report a sixth-consecutive quarter of solid earnings growth," said John W. Rowe, M.D., chairman and CEO. "The key reason was sustained moderation in health care utilization trends, driven largely by a decline in the rate of pharmacy cost increases. The overall moderation in the rate of rising medical costs reflects both the cumulative impact of deliberate actions Aetna has taken over the past two years, as well as broader health care utilization trends.

"We believe that the generally lower medical cost trends we have been experiencing in the first half of this year will remain through the rest of the year. Our membership stabilized during the quarter, a significant accomplishment that follows several quarters of reductions. This stabilization of membership reflects solid new business sales that offset reductions in membership principally resulting from job reductions within certain accounts due to the continued weak economy. In addition, our ongoing expense-reduction programs are on track.

"These results clearly reflect the overall momentum of Aetna's turnaround. We have now begun to shift our focus to a longer-term view where our business model suggests significant opportunities to add revenue and earnings."

"It is evident that our customer-focused operating model has been the foundation for our progress," said President Ronald A. Williams. "Our goals are to continue to improve our excellent operational and financial performance based on achieving superior medical cost and quality management, market differentiation through innovation, and lower operating costs through process improvements."

Health Care business results

Health Care, which provides a full range of fully and self-insured health care and dental products and services, reported:

Group Insurance business results

Group Insurance, which includes Group Life, Disability and Long-Term Care products, reported:

Large Case Pensions business results

Large Case Pensions, which manages a variety of discontinued and other retirement and savings products primarily for defined benefit and defined contribution plan customers, reported:

Total company results

A live audio Webcast and replays as well as financial, statistical and other information related to the conference call will be available today at 5:30 p.m. EDT through Aetna's Investor Information link on the Internet at A transcript of the prepared remarks portion of the call will be available at 8:30 p.m. today on The public also can access the second-quarter conference call today at 5:30 p.m. EDT by dialing 800-210-9006, or for international callers, 719-457-2621.

Aetna is one of the nation's leading providers of health care, dental, pharmacy, group life, disability and long-term care products, serving more than 13.0 million medical members, 11.3 million dental members and 11.7 million group insurance customers, as of June 30, 2003. The company has expansive nationwide networks of more than 579,000 health care services providers, including nearly 349,000 primary care and specialist physicians and 3,589 hospitals. For more information about Aetna, please visit the company's website at

1 In order to provide a comparison that the company believes provides useful information regarding its underlying performance, all operating earnings exclude the following from net income: other items and net realized capital gains (losses). In addition, management uses operating earnings to assess performance and make operating decisions. Net realized capital gains or losses arise from various types of transactions that are not related to the core performance of the company's business. Settlement of the physician class action lawsuit of approximately $75 million, after tax ($115.4 million pretax), included as the Other Item by the company for second quarter 2003, represents an estimate of 2003 net settlement costs of significant litigation not in the ordinary course of business. Severance and facilities charges of $17.5 million, after tax ($27.0 million pretax), included in Other Items by the company for the second quarter of 2002, represent an estimate of costs related to reductions of staff or exiting of facilities and are not direct expenses supporting ongoing business operations. The reduction of the reserve for anticipated future losses on discontinued products of $5.4 million, after tax ($8.3 million pretax), included in Other Items by the company for the second quarter of 2002, represents a reduction of reserves previously established for certain products no longer offered by the company and does not benefit ongoing business operations. The company also displays certain metrics (e.g., medical cost ratios and pretax operating margins) excluding changes to prior-period medical cost estimates to reflect underlying current-period health care costs. For a reconciliation of financial measures calculated under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP), refer to the tables on pages 7 to 11 of this release.

2 In order to provide useful information regarding profitability of the company on a basis comparable to others in the industry, without regard to financing decisions, income taxes and amortization of other acquired intangible assets (each of which may vary for reasons not directly related to performance of the underlying business), the company's pretax operating margin excludes interest expense, income taxes and amortization of intangibles. Management also uses pretax operating margin to assess its performance, including performance versus competitors. Operating earnings used in the pretax margin calculation also exclude the items noted in footnote 1. For a reconciliation to margin calculated under GAAP, refer to the tables on page 10 of this release.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION; CAUTIONARY STATEMENT -- Certain information in this press release is forward looking, including the statements regarding the turnaround, revenue and earnings opportunities. Forward-looking information is based on management's estimates, assumptions and projections, and is subject to significant uncertainties and other factors, many of which are beyond Aetna's control. Important risk factors could cause actual future results and other future events to differ materially from those currently estimated by management. Those risk factors include, but are not limited to: unanticipated increases in medical costs (including increased medical utilization, increased pharmacy costs, increases resulting from unfavorable changes in contracting or recontracting with providers, changes in membership mix to lower-premium or higher-cost products or membership-adverse selection; as well as changes in medical cost estimates due to the necessary extensive judgment that is used in the medical cost estimation process, the considerable variability inherent in such estimates, and the sensitivity of such estimates to changes in medical claims payment patterns and changes in medical cost trends); decreases in membership levels; increases in medical costs or Group Insurance claims resulting from any acts of terrorism; the ability to achieve targeted savings from work force reductions and to otherwise reduce administrative expenses in light of significant membership reductions recently experienced; the ability to maintain targeted levels of service, and improve relations with providers, as well as operating performance, while making significant staff reductions and taking actions to reduce medical costs; the ability to continue to successfully implement Aetna's new operating model; lower levels of investment income from continued lower interest rates; adverse government regulation (including legislative proposals to eliminate or reduce ERISA pre-emption of state laws that would increase potential litigation exposure, and other proposals, such as the Patients' Bill of Rights, that would increase potential litigation exposure or mandate coverage of certain health benefits); adverse pricing actions by government payors; changes in size, product mix and medical cost experience of membership in key markets; and the outcome, including any negotiated resolution, of various litigation and regulatory matters, including ongoing reviews of business practices by various regulatory agencies. For more discussion of important factors that may materially affect Aetna, please see the risk factors contained in Aetna's 2002 Annual Report on Form 10-K, on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. You also should read Aetna's 2002 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Aetna's 2003 Second Quarter Report on Form 10-Q when filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission for a discussion of Aetna's historical results of operations and financial condition.

Related Links:

2Q03 Financial Supplement
(PDF: 70 KB / 16 pages)

2Q03 Earnings Tables
(PDF: 23 KB / 5 pages)

Guidance Summary

(PDF: 38 KB / 5 pages)

Copyright Aetna Inc.