It's not just children who need vaccines and checkups. They can help to prevent disease in adults or treat it early. Your preventive care needs may vary based on your age, sex and medical history. Here's a guide to some of the most common shots and screening tests recommended for adults.
Blood pressure and cholesterol screening
Know and track your blood pressure and cholesterol numbers. There are usually no signs or symptoms of high blood pressure or high cholesterol. That's why it's important to:
Your goals will depend on your risk factors for heart disease and stroke. Ask your doctor what your goals should be.
Here are some facts about flu and the flu vaccine:
See Facts about flu.
Review your vaccine history with your doctor. Ask if you need this vaccine, also known as the pneumonia vaccine. This vaccine prevents pneumococcal disease. Here are some facts about this disease:
Read information about pneumococcal vaccination from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Colon cancer screening
Both men and women should be checked for colon cancer or growths that can turn into colon cancer.
Learn more about preventing colon cancer.
Breast cancer screening
A mammogram can help find cancer early, when it is too small to be felt. Women ages 40 and older should schedule mammogram appointments.
Learn more about breast cancer.
Cervical cancer screening
The Pap test can find changes in the cervix that may lead to cancer. Cervical cancer can often be prevented if changes in the cervix are found and treated early.
Talk to your doctor about the type of screening that is right for you.
Learn more about cervical cancer.
Screening for sexually transmitted disease (STD)
Sexually active women age 24 and younger should be tested for chlamydia. Chlamydia is an infection. It often has no symptoms. You may not know you have it. Left untreated, the infection can lead to tubal pregnancies and infertility.
Discuss screening for STDs, such as gonorrhea and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), with your doctor.
Learn more about sexually transmitted diseases.