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Picture of Cabell 'Cab' Calloway III: 1990Picture of Jackie Robinson: 1991Picture of To Be Young, Gifted and Black: 1992Picture of James R. Gavin III, M.D., Ph.D.: 1993Picture of Johnnetta B. Cole, Ph.D.: 1994Picture of Parren J. Mitchell: 1995Picture of Bartholomew O. Nnaji, Ph.D.: 1996Picture of William (Bill) Williams: 1997Picture of Anita L. DeFrantz: 1998Picture of Comer Cottrell Jr.: 1999

The Power Within:
The Legacy of Dr. Daniel Hale Williams
The 1993 Calendar of African American History

Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (1856-1931) had the power within to do what he hoped to do. His legacy in the healing arts has been inspiration to many for more than a century. In 1893, he performed the first successful, recorded open-heart surgery at Chicago's Provident Hospital, relying solely on his diagnostic skill and surgical finesse (then there were no advanced surgical tools). Aetna's 1993 calendar focused on individuals who discovered how to nurture their power within and create a legacy of pride, honor and accomplishment in caring for others.

M. Joycelyn Elders, M.D.  |  Harold P. Freeman. M.D.
James R. Gavin III, M.D., Ph.D.

Picture of M. Joycelyn Elders, M.D.
1980s 1990s 2000s