Aetna's HMO-based and health network plans (HMO, QPOS, Health Network Only, Health Network Option, Golden Medicare, and U.S. Access) generally follow Medicare's criteria for durable medical equipment (DME) items that are used in the bathroom. Most DME items used in the bathroom are considered by Medicare to be personal convenience items. Consistent with Medicare rules, Aetna's HMO-based plans, however, do consider certain DME toilet items (commodes, bed pans, etc.) medically necessary if the member is bed-confined or room-confined.
The following lists bathroom items and whether they are covered DME under Aetna HMO and traditional plans. For covered items, medical necessity criteria are set forth in the footnotes.
|Bath cast protector||No||No|
|Bathing systems (e.g., Otter Bathing System, Rifton's Blue Wave System)||No||No|
|Bathtub safety frame||No||Yes4|
|Bathtub lifts (bath chair lift)||No||Yes4|
|Bathtub seats (bath bench, tub chair)||No||Yes3|
|Bathtub transfer board||No||Yes4|
|Bed baths (home type)||No||Yes1|
|Bed pans (autoclavable hospital type)||Yes1||Yes1|
|Bidet toilet seat||No||No|
|Grab bars (affixed to wall)||No||No|
|Raised toilet seats||No||Yes5|
|Shower bench (shower chair)||No||Yes3|
|Toilet safety frame||No||Yes4|
Toilet seat lift (erector)
|Urinals (autoclavable hospital type)||Yes1||Yes1|
|Whirlpools and pumps (portable and nonportable) (e.g., Jacuzzi, Hydro-jet, Turbo-jet)||No||No|
Key: Yes -- considered medically necessary; No -- considered non-covered personal convenience item.
Medical necessity criteria:
1considered medically necessary if member is bed-confined or room-confined*
2considered medically necessary for infection or injury of the perineal area
3considered medically necessary if member is unable to bathe or shower without being seated
4considered medically necessary if member is unable to transfer to and from tub
5considered medically necessary if member is unable to rise from toilet seat without assistance.
6considered medically necessary according to selection criteria set forth in section on commodes below.
*Note: For this policy, the term "room-confined" means that the member’s condition is such that leaving the room is medically contraindicated. The accessibility of bathroom facilities generally would not be a factor in this determination. However, confinement of a member to his home in a case where there are no toilet facilities in the home may be equated to room confinement. In addition, a member may be considered “room-confined” if a member’s medical condition confines her/him to a floor of their home and there is no bathroom located on that floor.
Commodes: Aetna considers commodes medically necessary DME for members who are physically incapable of using regular toilet facilities. This would also occur in the following situations:
Mobile commode chairs are considered medically necessary DME as an alternative to stationary commode chairs for members who meet the medical necessity criteria for a stationary commode chair.
Extra wide/heavy commode chair: Aetna considers extra wide/heavy commode chairs medically necessary DME for members who weigh 300 pounds or more.
Commode chair with detachable arms: A commode chair with detachable arms is considered medically necessary DME if the detachable arms feature is necessary to facilitate transferring the member or if the member has a body configuration that requires extra width.
Commode chair as raised toilet seat: Aetna's traditional plans consider raised toilet seats and commode chairs that are used as raised toilet seats medically necessary DME for members who are unable to rise from a toilet seat without assistance. Note: Aetna's HMO and health network based plans follow Medicare rules for commode chairs. Medicare considers raised toilet seats personal convenience items. Therefore, Aetna's HMO and health network bawed plans consider a commode chair a non-covered personal convenience item if the commode chair is to be used as a raised toilet seat by positioning it over the toilet.
Commode with seat lift mechanism: Aetna considers seat lift mechanisms incorporated into a commode chair medically necessary DME if the member meets the medical necessity criteria for a commode chair and meets medical necessity criteria for a seat lift in CPB 0459 - Seat Lifts and Patient Lifts. However, a commode with seat lift mechanism is intended to allow a person to walk after standing. If the member can ambulate, he/she would rarely meet the medical necessity criterion for a commode.
Note: Footrests do not meet Aetna’s contractual definition of covered DME because they are not primarily medical in nature.Background
An extra wide/heavy commode chair is defined as one that has a width of greater than or equal to 23 inches and is capable of supporting a person who weighs 300 pounds or more.
A raised toilet seat is a device that adds height to the toilet seat. It is either fixed height or adjustable. It is either attached to the toilet or is unattached, resting on the bowl. (Note: A free-standing raised toilet seat supported by legs on the floor is considered a commode.)
A toilet seat lift mechanism is a device with a seat that can be raised with or without a forward tilt while the patient is seated, allowing the patient to stand and ambulate once he/she is in an upright position. It may be manually operated or electric. It is attached to the toilet.
A commode with seat lift mechanism is a free-standing device that has a commode pan and that has an integrated seat that can be raised with or without a forward tilt while the patient is seated. An integrated device is one which is sold as a unit by the manufacturer and in which the lift and the commode can not be separated without the use of tools.
|CPT Codes / HCPCS Codes / ICD-10 Codes|
|Information in the [brackets] below has been added for clarification purposes.  Codes requiring a 7th character are represented by "+":|
|ICD-10 codes will become effective as of October 1, 2015:|
|HCPCS codes covered if selection criteria are met:|
|E0160||Sitz type bath or equipment, portable, used with or without commode|
|E0161||Sitz type bath or equipment, portable, used with or without commode, with faucet attachment(s)|
|E0162||Sitz bath chair|
|E0163||Commode chair, mobile or stationary, with fixed arms|
|E0165||Commode chair, mobile or stationary, with detachable arms|
|E0167||Pail or pan for use with commode chair, replacement only|
|E0168||Commode chair, extra wide and/or heavy duty, stationary or mobile, with or without arms, any type, each|
|E0170||Commode chair with integrated seat lift mechanism, electric, any type|
|E0171||Commode chair with integrated seat lift mechanism, non-electric, any type|
|E0172||Seat lift mechanism placed over or on top of toilet, any type|
|E0240 (for Traditional plans)||Bath/shower chair, with or without wheels, any size|
|E0244 (for Traditional plans)||Raised toilet seat|
|E0245 (for Traditional plans)||Tub stool or bench|
|E0247 (for Traditional plans)||Transfer bench for tub or toilet with or without commode opening|
|E0248 (for Traditional plans)||Transfer bench, heavy duty, for tub or toilet with or without commode opening|
|E0275||Bed pan, standard, metal or plastic|
|E0276||Bed pan, fracture, metal or plastic|
|E0325||Urinal; male, jug-type, any material|
|E0326||Urinal; female, jug-type, any material|
|E0625 (for Traditional plans)||Patient lift, bathroom or toilet, not otherwise classified|
|E0705||Transfer device, any type, each|
|E0968||Commode seat, wheelchair|
|HCPCS codes not covered for indications listed in the CPB:|
|E0170 (for HMO-based)||Commode chair with integrated seat lift mechanism, electric, any type|
|E0171 (for HMO-based)||Commode chair with integrated seat lift mechanism, non-electric, any type|
|E0172 (for HMO-based)||Seat lift mechanism placed over or on top of toilet, any type|
|E0175||Foot rest, for use with commode chair, each|
|E0240 (for HMO-based plans)||Bath/shower chair, with or without wheels, any size|
|E0241||Bathtub wall rail, each|
|E0242||Bathtub rail, floor base|
|E0243||Toilet rail, each|
|E0244 (for HMO-based plans)||Raised toilet seat|
|E0245 (for HMO-based plans)||Tub stool or bench|
|E0246||Transfer tub rail attachment|
|E0247 (for HMO-based plans)||Transfer bench for tub or toilet with or without commode opening|
|E0248 (for HMO-based plans)||Transfer bench, heavy duty, for tub or toilet with or without commode opening|
|E0249||Pad for water circulating heat unit|
|E0625 (for HMO-based plans)||Patient lift, bathroom or toilet, not otherwise classified|
|E1300||Whirlpool, portable (overtub type)|
|E1310||Whirlpool, nonportable (built-in type)|