Subject: Caries Detection Techniques
Date: May 21, 2012
Important NoteThis Clinical Policy Bulletin expresses our determination of whether certain services or supplies are medically necessary. We have reached these conclusions based on a review of currently available clinical information including:
PolicyWe consider the use of lasers and other adjunctive caries detection techniques or tools to be inclusive to an oral evaluation. The use of these tools and/or techniques is not essential to determine or confirm the presence of occlusal, buccal or lingual caries and can provide false positive results. We consider radiographic interpretation and clinical examination the gold standard for determining the presence of carious lesions.
BackgroundCaries detection technology may be marketed as qualitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF), fiber-optic transillumination (FOTI), infrared laser fluorescence (ILF), and digital imaging fiber-optic transillumination (DIFOTI).
D0120 -- Periodic oral evaluation - established patient
D0140 -- Limited oral evaluation - problem focused
D0150 -- Comprehensive oral evaluation - new or established patient
D0160 -- Detailed and extensive oral evaluation - problem focused, by report
Revision DatesOriginal: November 22, 2005
The above policy is based on the following references:
1American Dental Association. Current dental terminology, CDT 2011-2012: 5-6.*
2Berg Joel H. New technologies in pediatric dentistry: dental caries detection and caries management by risk assessment. Contemporary Esthetics. August 2005; Vol. 9 (8): 58.
3Bader JD, Shugars DA. A systematic review of the performance of a laser fluorescence device for detecting caries. J Am Dent Assoc 2004 Oct; 135(10):1413-1426.4Barberia E, Maroto M, Arenas M, Cardoso Silva C. A clinical study of caries diagnosis with a laser fluorescence system. J Am Dent Assoc 2008; 139 (5), 572-579.
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