Related Statistics: The troubling reality

 

Health care disparities, including unequal health care access and outcomes, are critical challenges to the American health care system. Consider:

  • For most cancers, African Americans have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial and ethnic group in the US.
  • Hispanic and African-American women who get breast cancer are more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage of the disease than white women.
  • Hispanic women are twice as likely to have cervical cancer, and 1.5 times more likely to die from cervical cancer as compared to non-Hispanic white women.
  • African Americans are 1.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic whites to have high blood pressure.
  • African Americans are much more likely to die of heart disease and stroke than their white counterparts. In fact, coronary heart disease and stroke are not only leading causes of death in the United States, but also account for the largest proportion of inequality in life expectancy between whites and African Americans.
  • More than 7,600 African Americans die from strokes and heart disease each year because their blood pressure is not as well controlled as that of non-Hispanic white Americans.
  • In 2006, Hispanics were 1.5 times as likely as non-Hispanic Whites to die from diabetes.
  • Asians and Pacific Islanders are the only racial/ethnic group for whom cancer is the leading cause of death; heart disease was the leading cause of death among all other racial/ethnic groups.
  • Infant mortality rates are higher among African Americans and American Indians / Alaska Natives than among other racial/ethnic groups.
  • African Americans have 2.4 times the infant mortality rate as non-Hispanic whites.
  • American Indians/Alaska Natives were twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to die from diabetes in 2005.
  • Chinese Americans are six times more likely to die of liver cancer than white Americans.

Sources:

-- American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures for African Americans, 2009-2010.
-- American Cancer Society, Cancer Facts and Figures 2008.
-- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, October 2009.
-- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, October 2009.
-- Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Volume 60, January 14, 2011.
-- Racial Disparities in Hypertension Control, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 2008.
-- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, sourced 3/29/2011.
-- Kaiser Family Foundation, “Key Facts: Race, Ethnicity and Medical Care,” 2007 Update, sourced 3/20/11.
-- Kaiser Family Foundation, “Key Facts: Race, Ethnicity and Medical Care,” 2007 Update, sourced 3/20/11.
-- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, 2010, sourced 2/11/2011.
-- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Minority Health, source, sourced 3/29/2011.
-- President’s Advisory Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Addressing Health Disparities: Opportunities for Building a Healthier America, 2003, sourced 3/29/2011. 

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Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities
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